Official name of the country: Republic of Belarus (Belarus)
Population: 9.463 mln. as of 1 January 2013
Area: 207.6 thous. sq. km (13th largest in Europe and 6th among the EECA countries)
System of Government: Presidential Republic. President of the Republic of Belarus is the head of the state and guarantor of the Constitution.
Head of the Government: Mikhail Myasnikovich, Prime Minister
Minister for Science & Technology: Alexander Shumilin (Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology)
Parliament: Belarusian Parliament - the National Assembly - is the representative and legislative body consisting of two Chambers, the Chamber of Representatives and the Council of the Republic.
Administrative structure: Belarus consists of 6 regions which include118 administrative districts and the City of Minsk. The regions are named after their capital cities - Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno, Minsk and Mogilev.
Geography: Belarus is located in Eastern Europe. In the West it shares borders with Poland, in the North-west with Lithuania, in the North with Latvia, in the North-East and East with Russia, and in the South with Ukraine. The territory of Belarus is crossed by several European transport corridors providing the shortest communication routes from central and eastern districts of Russia to Western European countries, as well as between the Baltic and Black seas.
Last update: May 2014
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(general information - research structure - research policies - international cooperation) (URL: https://increast.eu/_media/Belarus_Country_Report_EN_2014.pdf)
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(November 2011, compiled as an annex to the "White Paper on Opportunities and Challenges in View of Enhancing the EU Cooperation with Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Caucasus in Science, Research, and Innovation".) (URL: https://increast.eu/_media/Country_Report_Belarus_2011.pdf)