European Union

Member states: 28

Population: 505.5 million

Area: 4,382,879 km²

Political centres: Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg

Head of Commission: Jean-Claude Juncker 
Head of Parliament: Martin Schulz 
Head of European Council: Herman Van Rompuy

European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation: Carlos Moedas

Geography: The territory of the EU is not the same as that of Europe, as parts of the continent are outside the EU, such as Switzerland, Norway and European Russia. Some parts of member countries are not part of the EU, despite forming part of the European continent (for example the Channel Islands and Faroe Islands). Several territories associated with member states that are outside geographic Europe are also not part of the EU (such as Greenland, Aruba, the Netherlands Antilles and all the non-European territories associated with the United Kingdom). Some overseas territories are part of the EU even if they are not geographically part of Europe, such as the Azores, the Canary Islands, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Madeira, Martinique, Réunion, Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.

Turkey became a founding member of the Council of Europe in 1949, applied for associate membership of the European Economic Community (EEC; predecessor of the European Union) in 1959 and became an associate member in 1963. After decades of political negotiations, Turkey applied for full membership of the EEC in 1987. In 1995 Turkey reached a Customs Union agreement with the EU. Official formal accession negotiations with the EU began on October 3rd, 2005. The accession process will presumably take several years due to Turkey's size and the depth of open questions to be clarified over certain issues.

Source: Wikipedia

  • Background

    The European Union (EU) is a treaty-based community of originally six and currently twenty-eight Member States which is the result of many decades of European integration policy. The EU has the aim of establishing a lasting and structured partnership between its Member States in order to promote peace, prosperity and security in Europe. However, it is important to keep in mind that the European Union is in a state of constant flux.
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  • Research structure and research policy

    The European Union supports research, science and technology by means of political measures in order to encourage science cooperation and to make advantage of the European Union’s potential in the areas of industry and innovation. Sharing technological knowledge and forward-looking ideas will strengthen Europe’s competitiveness. But the EU support schemes are also open to so called 'third countries'.
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  • News

    This link provides information services about research and innovation. The platform CORDIS (Community Research & Development Information Service) offers regular, detailed and up-to-date information and news.
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  • Events

    Find out about current events related to Information Exchange from and into the Eastern European and Central Asian Countries in Science and Technology.
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  • Documents

    This section offers a general overview of European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). You will also find important strategy papers, ENP Action Plans and Country Reports.
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  • Calls

    This links to the overview of open Horizon2020 calls on the 'Participant Portal'. For a brief introduction to Horizon 2020, the EU's current Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, please download the info flyer from the right sidebar.
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  • Programmes

    Here you can find out more information and details about the variety and spectrum of important EU programmes concerning higher education and training, the promotion of lifelong learning, existing frameworks to promote collaborative research, networking and dissemination, support actions for transnational coordination of national research activities etc. Many of these initiatives are not only limited to EU Member States but are also open for co-operation activities with partners in Eastern Europe, Central Asia or other regions of the world.
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