Uzbekistan

General country information

Official name of the country: Republic of Uzbekistan

Population: 31.574 million (2016)

Area: Total: 447,400 sq. km; land: 425,400 sq. km; water: 22,000 sq. km

Capital: Tashkent

System of Government:  Republic; Cabinet of Ministers: The government of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the executive power body of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ensuring guidance on effective functioning of the economy, social and cultural development, execution of the laws, and other decisions of the Oliy Majlis, as well as decrees and resolutions issued by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

President:  Islam Abduganievich Karimov

Head of the Government: Prime Minister - Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoev 

Parliament: The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan consisting of two chambers – the Legislative Chamber (the lower chamber) and the Senate (the upper chamber).

Geography: Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains (nearly four fifths of the territory). One of the main plains is the Turanian Plain. In the east and north-east of the country are the ranges Tien Shan and the Pamirs, which is the highest point in the country. One of the largest deserts in the world, the Kyzyl Kum desert, is located in the north of the central part of the territory of Uzbekistan.

State authority: Cabinet of Ministers – The Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the executive power body of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ensuring guidance over effective functioning of the economy, social and cultural development, execution of the laws, and other decisions of the Oliy Majlis, as well as decrees and resolutions issued by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The activity of the Cabinet of Ministers is based on the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan" dated May 6, 1993. The Cabinet of Ministers heads the system of bodies of state management and established bodies for economic management, and ensures their coordinated activity.

The Cabinet of Ministers is competent to consider:

  1. issues concerning state and economic, social, financial, money-credit policy, the development and realization of the programs related to science, culture, education, healthcare and other spheres of economy and social sphere;
  2. implements the measures to protect economic, social, and other rights and interests of the citizens;
  3. Issues resolutions and ordinances in accordance with the current legislation. This shall be binding on all bodies of administration, enterprises, institutions, organisations, officials and citizens throughout the Republic of Uzbekistan.
  4. Provides the laws implementation of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Oliy Majlis decisions, decrees, acts and orders of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
  5. Makes annual reports to Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the important issues of social-economic life of the country;
  6. Fulfils other authorities indicated in the constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Cabinet of Ministers issues decrees and orders in accordance with constitutional norms and acting legislation that is mandatory to implementation over the Republic of Uzbekistan by all authorities, enterprises, institutions, organisations, stakeholders and citizens. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible in its activity to the Oliy Majlis and to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan organises and directs the activities of the Cabinet of Ministers. He is personally responsible for its performance, preside at meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers, signs its decisions, the Cabinet of Ministers is in international relations and signed intergovernmental treaties and agreements, in consultation with the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan distributes responsibilities among the Deputy Prime Minister, decide on the governance and management, do not require consideration at a meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan is making representation on the appointment and dismissal of khokims regions and Tashkent city, performs other functions provided by the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Source: IUCP-T
Last update: June 2016

Documents

Contact Persons

  • Rustam Saidov

    • Indo-Uzbek Centre for Promotion S&T Cooperation (IUCP-T)
    • Yahyo Gulyamov str. 70
    • 100047 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
    • Telephone: +998 71 1332453
    • Fax: +998 71 1322562
    • Email Address: saidov_r@yahoo.com